Head injuries often go hand in hand with brain injuries. These injuries can create potentially massive damage for the victim, especially if you go without seeking any medical care. Thus, it is crucial to recognize potential signs of brain trauma so you can act quickly.
You may want to keep an eye out for physical indicators first. Especially with traumatic brain injuries (TBI), they will likely surface before any other sign.
Listen to victim complaints
Mayo Clinic discusses the potential physical indicators of a TBI. First, listen to what the victim might say if they can still speak. They will likely indicate the biggest pains and physical detriments they currently face. For example, many victims will suffer from an immediate and severe migraine. Many more will also experience severe nausea that can lead to vomiting.
Victims might also develop sensory issues over time, such as tinnitus – a ringing in the ears. This can extend to other senses, such as tasting or smelling things in an abnormal way. Nerve issues may also crop up, leading to sudden pains, tingling or numbing sensations especially in the hands and feet.
Noticing the red flags
Finally, there are even physical red flags you may notice yourself. Disorders of the consciousness are one possibility, especially if a victim suffers frequent blackouts or even falls into a coma. You may also see leaking cerebrospinal fluid from the ears or nose. They may react to light in a harsh way, and their pupils might dilate unevenly.
If you notice any such signs, you should seek immediate medical attention. This is the only way to ensure that you mitigate potentially lasting damage.